Consider a right triangle ABC. Let BE be a cevian, or a line segment that connects vertex B to a point on side AC. Extend the cevian BE to a point D such that triangle BDC is equilateral. If the length of segment AD is 6 units, find the distance between the midpoints of segments BD and AC.

Concept | Definition | Theorem / Comment |
---|---|---|

Triangle | A polygon with three sides and three angles. | The sum of the angles in a triangle is 180 degrees. |

Isosceles triangle | An isosceles triangle is a triangle that has two sides of equal length. | In an isosceles triangle, the altitudes relative to congruent sides are congruent. |

Right triangle | A right triangle is a type of triangle that has one of its interior angles measuring exactly 90 degrees (a right angle). The side opposite to the right angle is called the hypotenuse, while the other two sides are called the legs. | In a right triangle, the length of the median to the hypotenuse is equal to half the length of the hypotenuse. |

Equilateral Triangle | An equilateral triangle is a type of triangle in which all three sides have the same length. | Equilateral triangles are also known as regular triangles, since they have a high degree of symmetry and uniformity. In an equilateral triangle, all three angles have the same measure and are each 60 degrees. |

Midpoint | The point that divides a line segment into two equal parts. | The midpoint theorem for triangles, also known as the mid-segment theorem, states that the segment connecting the midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half of its length. |

Parallel lines | Two lines in a plane that do not intersect. | If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, then the alternate interior angles are congruent, the corresponding angles are congruent, and the consecutive interior angles are supplementary. |

Congruence | Two triangles are said to be congruent if all corresponding sides and angles of one triangle are equal to the corresponding sides and angles of the other triangle.. | There are several ways to prove that two triangles are congruent, including the Side-Side-Side (SSS), Side-Angle-Side (SAS), Angle-Side-Angle (ASA), and Hypotenuse-Leg (HL) criteria. |

Auxiliary line | Auxiliary line is a line that is added to a diagram in order to help prove a theorem or solve a problem. | Often, an auxiliary line is drawn to create additional congruent or similar triangles, to create parallel lines, or to create right angles. The use of auxiliary lines can simplify a problem or make a proof more straightforward. However, it is important to ensure that the auxiliary line does not create any new intersections or angles that were not present in the original diagram. |

Unveiling the Secrets of Equilateral Triangles: A Geometric Odyssey

Behold, a problem of geometry

Of equilateral
triangles and right angles, you see

A mystery to
unravel, a secret to unveil

To find the midpoint
distance, without fail

With ruler in hand and pencil in sight

We embark
on a quest to shed some light

On the world of
triangles, where numbers reign

And the beauty of
shapes, we shall attain

Through angles acute and angles obtuse

We
calculate and measure, with no excuse

For the
midpoint distance, we must find

And unravel the
secrets of the equilateral kind

Oh, the joys of math, how it puzzles the mind

Yet,
with perseverance, we shall unwind

The mysteries of
triangles, and in the end

We'll be triumphant, with
knowledge to transcend

So let us embrace this geometry problem

With
courage and tenacity, we shall solve them

And in the
world of math, we shall prevail

Unveiling the secrets
of equilateral triangles, without fail.

If you're interested in finding more poems with a focus on geometry, you may enjoy this collection: More geometry thematic poems.

Geometry Problems

Open Problems

Visual Index

All Problems

Triangle

Isosceles Triangle

Equilateral Triangle

Right Triangle

Midpoint

Perpendicular lines

Parallel lines

Congruence

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