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Arequipa Main Square,
Plaza de Armas and Golden Rectangle

Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the province of Arequipa. Also known as the White City, it is the second most populous city in Peru, with 844,407 inhabitants according to INEI projections.

Around 1170 the fourth Inca of Hurin Cuzco Dynasty, Mayta Capac, stationed with his army in an uninhabited valley which he called "Ari-quepay" (let's stay here), this Inca divided the land between three thousand families , who founded the villages or towns of Yanahuara, Cayma, Tiabaya, Paucarpata, Socabaya, Characato, Chiguata, and others.

In Arequipa tourism is a factor of the
economy energizing establishing itself
as the third most visited city in the
country after Cusco and Lima, in 2010 arrived in the city a total of 1.395 million visitors according to the Ministry of Commerce and Tourism.. Source:
Wikipedia: Arequipa.

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Golden rectangle**

A golden rectangle
is a rectangle whose side lengths are in the golden ratio,
one-to-phi, that is, approximately 1:1.618. A distinctive
feature of this shape is that when a square section is
removed, the remainder is another golden rectangle, that is,
with the same proportions as the first. Square removal can
be repeated infinitely, which leads to an approximation of
the golden or Fibonacci spiral.