golden ratio and Piet Mondrian, Composition II in Red, Blue, and Yellow,
Successive Golden Rectangles dividing a Golden
Rectangle into squares (Composition II in Red, Blue, and Yellow by Piet
Piet Mondrian, Composition II in
Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1930 and the Golden Rectangle
(March 7, 1872 - February 1, 1944) was a Dutch painter, pioneer of Geometric
abstraction. He was an important contributor to the De Stijl art movement
and group, which was founded by Theo van Doesburg. He evolved a
non-representational form which he termed Neo-Plasticism. This consisted of
a grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the use of the three
Composition II in Red, Blue, and Yellow. In the
further attempt to simplify and perfect his images, he did not use any
curved lines or organic shapes, he used only straight lines and geometric
shapes. He also only used black, white, gray, and the three primary colors -
bright red, blue, and yellow. The use of his simple geometric shapes and
basic colors formed a new style or art movement called De Stijl.
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A golden rectangle
is a rectangle whose side lengths are in the golden ratio,
one-to-phi, that is, approximately 1:1.618. A distinctive feature of this
shape is that when a square section is removed, the remainder is another
golden rectangle, that is, with the same proportions as the first. Square
removal can be repeated infinitely, which leads to an approximation of the
golden or Fibonacci spiral.