Peruvian Music

Huancayo Square, Junin, Peru

Huancayo Square Plaza de Armas

Huancayo Square (Plaza Constitucion). Google Earth Satellite View.

Huancayo is the capital of the Junín Region, in the central highlands of Peru. It is located in Huancayo Province, of which it is also capital. Situated near the Mantaro Valley at an altitude of 3,271 meters, it has a population of approximately 430,659. Huancayo is the cultural and commercial center of the whole central Peruvian Andes area.

The area was originally inhabited by the Wankas. At around 500 CE, they were incorporated into the Wari empire. Despite efforts to defend its independence, the Wankas were eventually subdued by the Inca leader Pachacutec in 1460 and the region was incorporated into the Inca empire. It subsequently became a notable stopping point along the Inca Camino Real.

Today, in addition to its importance as a center of commerce, Huancayo is known for the crafts and the many festivals of the surrounding towns. Having rapidly expanded in recent decades, it has few remaining colonial buildings; the cityscape is dominated by modern constructions. The city is served by the Francisco Carle Airport located in Jauja but travelers usually use the Lima Airport. See also: Ayacucho video.
 

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